Hitler Appointed ChancellorJanuary 30, 1933
Hitler Appointed Chancellor
German President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler as Chancellor at the head of a coalition government. Although the Nazis did not have the majority they needed, they bullied their way into a compromise where they would be a part of that Coalition. The Nazis had won 18.3% of the vote in the 1930 elections, making them the second largest political party. In 1932 Hindenburg dismissed the then standing Chancellor and appointed Franz von Papen – a former Central Party diplomat. He tried to push down the Nazis, but again in the 1932 election the Nazis came in as the largest party at 37.3%, but that still wasn’t enough of a majority for complete control. Von Papen was dismissed and a new Chancellor named Kurt von Schleicher. Kurt von Schleicher dissolved the parliament in order to restore order, but again the Nazis came in with 33% of the vote. On the other side of this was the Communist party who had also gained some popularity – this was terrifying for the old conservatives of the dying Weimar Republic. It inspired Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as the Chancellor because he saw Nazis as the last hope for defeating communism.